Publication Type:Journal Article
Source:Optics letters, Volume 39, Issue 23, p.6652-5 (2014)
Keywords:Animals, Coronary Vessels, Endoscopy, Humans, Multimodal Imaging, Plaque, Atherosclerotic, Rabbits, Tomography, Optical Coherence
In this Letter, we present a trimodality imaging system and an intravascular endoscopic probe for the detection of early-stage atherosclerotic plaques. The integrated system is able to acquire optical coherence tomography (OCT), fluorescence, and ultrasound images and simultaneously display them in real time. A trimodality intravascular endoscopic probe of 1.2 mm in diameter and 7 mm in length was fabricated based on a dual-modality optical probe that integrates OCT and fluorescence imaging functions and a miniature ultrasound transducer. The probe is capable of rotating at up to 600 rpm. Ex vivo images from rabbit aorta and human coronary arteries showed that this combined system is capable of providing high resolution, deep penetration depth and specific molecular fluorescence contrast simultaneously.