Photothermal Therapy Employing Gold Nanoparticle- Loaded Macrophages as Delivery Vehicles: Comparing the Efficiency of Nanoshells Versus Nanorods.

Publication Type:

Journal Article


Journal of environmental pathology, toxicology and oncology : official organ of the International Society for Environmental Toxicology and Cancer, Volume 36, Issue 3, p.229-235 (2017)


Animals, Brain Neoplasms, Cell Line, Cell Line, Tumor, Glioma, Gold, Humans, Hyperthermia, Induced, Macrophages, Metal Nanoparticles, Mice, Nanoshells, Nanotubes, Pharmaceutical Vehicles, Phototherapy


Macrophages (Ma) loaded with gold based nanoparticles, which convert near infrared light to heat, have been studied as targeted transport vectors for photothermal therapy (PTT) of tumors. The purpose of the experiments reported here was to compare the efficacy of gold-silica nanoshells (AuNS) and gold nanorods (AuNR) in macrophage mediated PTT. PTT efficacy was evaluated in hybrid glioma spheroids consisting of human glioma cells and either AuNS or AuNR loaded Ma, designated MaNS and MaNR respectivly. Spheroids were irradiated for 10 min. with light from an 810 nm diode laser at irradiances ranging from 0 to 28 W/cm2. PTT efficacy was determined from spheroid growth over a 14-day period. The uptake by Ma of pegylated AuNR (3.9 ± 0.9 %) was twice that of pegylated AuNS, (7.9 ± 0.7 %). Hybrid spheroids consisting of a 5:1 ratio of glioma cells to loaded Ma exhibited significant growth inhibition with MaNS when subjected to irradiances of 7 W/cm2 or greater. In contrast, no significant growth inhibition was observed for the MaNR hybrid spheroids at this 5:1 ratio, even at the highest irradiance investigated (28 W/cm2). Although AuNR were taken up by Ma in larger numbers then AuNS, MaNS were shown to have greater PTT efficacy compared to MaNR for equivalent numbers of loaded Ma.